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  • Karl Marx
Showing 1-20 of 424 items
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  1. Journal Article

    "Contradictions of Feminist Methodology"

    Gender & Society (1991)

    Many feminists have argued that researchers must “give voice” to hitherto silenced women by adopting “the view from below.” Critically reviewing the literature on feminist methodology, the author argues that this perspective, while absolutely essential, is not suf...

    Methods: Feminism , Social interaction , Methodology , Feminist research , Theory , Quantitative research , Concepts & philosophies , Empiricism

  2. Evaluation for the 21st Century: A Handbook

    Evaluation for the 21st Century: A Handbook

    Eleanor Chelimsky & William R. Shadish


    What methodological tools have been most useful in doing evaluation? What are some of the new methodologies that are being used and developed? Will the types of things evaluated expand from programs, personnel, and products to foreign aid, medical technology, environmental intervent...


    Methods: Measurement , Auditing , Policy evaluation , Evaluation , Performance , Comparison

  3. “Feminist Standpoints”, Second Edition

    Sandra Harding

    Found in: Handbook of Feminist Research: Theory and Praxis, Second Edition


    Feminist standpoints Feminist standpoint theories are deeply indebted to the women's political movements of the 1960s and 1970s and also to the antipositivist histories, sociologies, and philosophies of science then emerging in Europe and the United States. Canad...

    Methods: Critique , Moral / Ethical dilemma , Marxism , Knowledge , Objectivity , Standpoint , Emancipatory research , Agency

  4. “Rethinking Critical Pedagogy: Socialismo Nepantla ”

    Nathalia Jaramillo & Peter McLaren

    Found in: Handbook of Critical and Indigenous Methodologies


    Rethinking critical pedagogy: Socialismo nepantla and the specter of Che It is difficult to imagine a more ominous time to be addressing the importance of indigenous knowledges and the struggle against imperialism, neoliberal capitalism, and what Peruvian scholar ...

    Methods: Critique , Marxism , Class , Ontology , Knowledge , Historical materialism , Objectivity , Construction , Subjectivity , Social structures , Agency , Consciousness

  5. “Introduction”

    Nick Couldry

    Found in: Inside Culture


    Forty years ago, Raymond Williams (1961: 10) wrote that there was no academic subject which allowed him to ask the questions in which he was interested: questions concerning how culture and society, democracy and the individual voice, interrelate. It is cultural studies, we ...

    Methods: Critique , Marxism , Historical research , Writing , Reflexivity , Analysis , Text , Ideologies , Power , Significance , Epistemology

  6. “The Social Sciences Since World War II: The Rise and Fall of Scientism”

    Peter Manicas

    Found in: The SAGE Handbook of Social Science Methodology


    It is well to keep in mind that the disciplines of the social sciences are not ‘natural kinds’ and that, accordingly, they have a history, intellectual and institutional. While this is not the place to review this aspect, we should note that the disciplinarity divisi...

    Methods: Marxism , Ethnomethodology , Historical research , Theory , Knowledge , Concepts & philosophies , Explanation , Power , Phenomenology

  7. “College Access and Educational Research: Persistent Problems and New Perspectives ”, Second Edition

    Ryan Evely Gildersleeve & Patricia M. McDonough

    Found in: The SAGE Handbook for Research in Education: Pursuing Ideas as the Keystone of Exemplary Inquiry, Second Edition


    College access and educational research: Persistent problems and new perspectives The imperatives of good research design include asking precise and answerable research questions, gathering appropriate data, and making and substantiating claims. These imperatives o...

    Methods: Methodology , Historical research , Knowledge , Concepts & philosophies , Agency

  8. “Power and Social Class in the Twenty-First Century”

    Daniel Little

    Found in: The SAGE Handbook of the Philosophy of Social Sciences


    Power and social class in the twenty-first century One might say that power and class are the two most important determinants of everyday life in the twenty-first century. Class relations – determined by the property system and the basic economic institutions within w...

    Methods: Class , Theory , Ontology , Concepts & philosophies , Power

  9. Journal Article

    "Writing an Intellectual History of Scientific Development: The Use of Discovery Accounts"

    Social Studies of Science (1976)

    Recently I presented, with others, a general statement of the sequence of social and intellectual processes which characterize the emergence, growth and final decline of specific areas of scientific endeavour. 1 A central concern of my own research has been to exami...

    Methods: Historical research , Writing , Scientific method

  10. Journal Article

    "Recalling the Letter: The Uses of Oral Testimony in Historical Studies of Literacy"

    Written Communication (2007)

    This article examines the uses of oral testimony in writing about literacy in historical context, especially about the literacy traditions of populations “hidden from history”-immigrants, refugees, and undocumented persons-who are entering U.S. schools and workplaces...

    Methods: Testimony , Historical research , Archival research , Oral history interview , Oral history

  11. Journal Article

    "Comments on Elias's ‘Scenes from the Life of a Knight’"

    Theory, Culture & Society (1987)

    In one of his few published references to the work of Norbert Elias, Anthony Giddens (1984: 129) writes dismissively in The Constitution of Society that: In spite of Elias's claims that sexual activity was ca...

    Methods: Historical research , Context , Art

  12. Journal Article

    "Controlling Error in Multiple Comparisons, with Examples from State-to-State Differences in Educational Achievement"

    Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics (1999)

    Two questions often asked about each of a set of observed comparisons are: (a) should we be confident about the direction or the sign of the corresponding underlying population comparison, and (b) for what interval of values should we be confident that it contains the va...

    Methods: Quantitative data analysis , Comparison , Statistical power , Effect size (ES) , Alpha error / Type i error , Power

  13. Journal Article

    "Surrogate endpoint validation: statistical elegance versus clinical relevance"

    Statistical Methods in Medical Research (2008)

    A variety of approaches have been proposed to provide formal and informal validation of proposed surrogate markers. To achieve true clinical impact, the validation must convince both the statistical and clinical communities. In this paper, we argue that the best approach...

    Methods: Statistical significance , Regression , Comparison , Correlation , Validity

  14. Journal Article

    "Comparing Logit and Probit Coefficients Across Groups"

    Sociological Methods & Research (1999)

    For binary dependent variables, logit (logistic) and probit regression have become standard methods of analysis. As with ordinary linear regression, researchers often estimate separate binary regression models for two or more groups of individuals and then compare coeffi...

    Methods: Regression , Comparison

  15. Journal Article

    "Is Optimal Matching Suboptimal?"

    Sociological Methods & Research (2009)

    In the late 1980s, Andrew Abbott introduced a technique known as optimal matching to the social sciences. Optimal matching (OM) is a method borrowed from biology that can be used to create a measure of similarity (or more often dissimilarity) between pairs of sequence...

    Methods: Comparison , Analysis , Algorithms

  16. Journal Article

    "Proceeding From Observed Correlation to Causal Inference: The Use of Natural Experiments"

    Perspectives on Psychological Science (2007)

    From an early point in their training, all behavioral scientists are taught that statistically significant correlations do not necessarily mean any kind of causative effect. Nevertheless, the literature is full of studies with findings that are exclusively based on c...

    Methods: Inference , Association , Bias , Concepts & philosophies , Causal inference , Correlation , Causal effects , Variables , Contextual effects , Research design , Causation , Comparison , Experiments , Qualitative data analysis

  17. Journal Article

    "The Mode Effect in Mixed-mode Surveys: Mail and Web Surveys"

    Social Science Computer Review (2010)

    Web surveys can suffer from their nonrandom nature (coverage error) and low response rate (nonresponse error). Therefore, web surveys should be supported by mail survey to eliminate these problems. However, using different survey methods together may introduce anothe...

    Methods: Comparison , Experiments , Survey , Survey data analysis , Online survey

  18. Journal Article

    "Conducting Intensive Interviews Using Email: A Serendipitous Comparative Opportunity"

    Qualitative Social Work (2006)

    This article examines the use of computer-mediated recruitment and email intensive interviewing in contrast to more traditional methods of data collection. Email interviewing is compared to telephone and face-to-face interviewing with the same study population utiliz...

    Methods: Methodology , Interviews , Comparison , Experience , Internet research

  19. Little Green Book


    Daniele Caramani

    Found in: Introduction to the Comparative Method with Boolean Algebra


    Reviewing the development of the rend of comparison in the social sciences is important as it stresses the similarities and the common roots of statistical and comparative methods. Reflection on comparison is closely related to its rend in the very logic of scientifi...

    Methods: Historical research , Quantitative data analysis , Comparison

  20. “Comparative-Historical Methods: An Introduction”

    Matthew Lange

    Found in: Comparative-Historical Methods


    Comparative-historical methods: An introduction Since the rise of the social sciences, researchers have used comparative-historical methods to expand insight into diverse social phenomena and, in so doing, have made great contributions to our understanding of the so...

    Methods: Units of analysis , Historical research , Quantitative research , Comparative research , Comparison , Concepts & philosophies , Qualitative research , Ideographic

Showing 1-20 of 424 items

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