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  • Karl Marx
Showing 1-20 of 437 items
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  1. Journal Article

    "Contradictions of Feminist Methodology"

    Gender & Society (1991)

    Many feminists have argued that researchers must “give voice” to hitherto silenced women by adopting “the view from below.” Critically reviewing the literature on feminist methodology, the author argues that this perspective, while absolutely essential, is not suf...

    Methods: Feminism , Social interaction , Methodology , Feminist research , Theory , Quantitative research , Concepts & philosophies , Empiricism

  2. Evaluation for the 21st Century: A Handbook

    Evaluation for the 21st Century: A Handbook

    Eleanor Chelimsky & William R. Shadish


    What methodological tools have been most useful in doing evaluation? What are some of the new methodologies that are being used and developed? Will the types of things evaluated expand from programs, personnel, and products to foreign aid, medical technology, environmental intervent...


    Methods: Measurement , Auditing , Policy evaluation , Evaluation , Performance , Comparison

  3. SRM Datasets

    Making Comparisons of Interview Data and Drawing Out Themes: Experiences of Working in Higher Education

    Jamie Harding


    This example focuses on one of the first stage of the analysis of interview data, where the researcher has the transcripts and faces the challenge of trying to make sense of them. The approach taken is thematic analysis, although it ...


    Methods: Thematic analysis , Comparison

    Data Types: Interview Transcripts

  4. “ Socialismo Nepantla and the Specter of Che”

    Nathalia Jaramillo & Peter McLaren

    Found in: Handbook of Critical and Indigenous Methodologies


    Rethinking critical pedagogy: Socialismo nepantla and the specter of Che It is difficult to imagine a more ominous time to be addressing the importance of indigenous knowledges and the struggle against imperialism, neoliberal capitalism, and what Peruvian scholar ...

    Methods: Critique , Marxism , Class , Ontology , Knowledge , Historical materialism , Objectivity , Construction , Subjectivity , Social structures , Agency , Consciousness

  5. “Feminist Standpoints”, Second Edition

    Sandra Harding

    Found in: Handbook of Feminist Research: Theory and Praxis, Second Edition


    Feminist standpoints Feminist standpoint theories are deeply indebted to the women's political movements of the 1960s and 1970s and also to the antipositivist histories, sociologies, and philosophies of science then emerging in Europe and the United States. Canad...

    Methods: Critique , Moral / Ethical dilemma , Marxism , Knowledge , Objectivity , Standpoint , Emancipatory research , Agency

  6. “Introduction”

    Nick Couldry

    Found in: Inside Culture


    Forty years ago, Raymond Williams (1961: 10) wrote that there was no academic subject which allowed him to ask the questions in which he was interested: questions concerning how culture and society, democracy and the individual voice, interrelate. It is cultural studies, we ...

    Methods: Critique , Marxism , Historical research , Writing , Reflexivity , Analysis , Text , Ideologies , Power , Significance , Epistemology

  7. “The Social Sciences Since World War II: The Rise and Fall of Scientism”

    Peter Manicas

    Found in: The SAGE Handbook of Social Science Methodology


    It is well to keep in mind that the disciplines of the social sciences are not ‘natural kinds’ and that, accordingly, they have a history, intellectual and institutional. While this is not the place to review this aspect, we should note that the disciplinarity divisi...

    Methods: Marxism , Ethnomethodology , Historical research , Theory , Knowledge , Concepts & philosophies , Explanation , Power , Phenomenology

  8. “College Access and Educational Research: Persistent Problems and New Perspectives ”, Second Edition

    Ryan Evely Gildersleeve & Patricia M. McDonough

    Found in: The SAGE Handbook for Research in Education: Pursuing Ideas as the Keystone of Exemplary Inquiry, Second Edition


    College access and educational research: Persistent problems and new perspectives The imperatives of good research design include asking precise and answerable research questions, gathering appropriate data, and making and substantiating claims. These imperatives o...

    Methods: Methodology , Historical research , Knowledge , Concepts & philosophies , Agency

  9. “Power and Social Class in the Twenty-First Century”

    Daniel Little

    Found in: The SAGE Handbook of the Philosophy of Social Sciences


    Power and social class in the twenty-first century One might say that power and class are the two most important determinants of everyday life in the twenty-first century. Class relations – determined by the property system and the basic economic institutions within w...

    Methods: Class , Theory , Ontology , Concepts & philosophies , Power

  10. Journal Article

    "Comments on Elias's ‘Scenes from the Life of a Knight’"

    Theory, Culture & Society (1987)

    In one of his few published references to the work of Norbert Elias, Anthony Giddens (1984: 129) writes dismissively in The Constitution of Society that: In spite of Elias's claims that sexual activity was ca...

    Methods: Historical research , Context , Art

  11. Journal Article

    "Recalling the Letter: The Uses of Oral Testimony in Historical Studies of Literacy"

    Written Communication (2007)

    This article examines the uses of oral testimony in writing about literacy in historical context, especially about the literacy traditions of populations “hidden from history”-immigrants, refugees, and undocumented persons-who are entering U.S. schools and workplaces...

    Methods: Testimony , Historical research , Archival research , Oral history interview , Oral history

  12. Journal Article

    "Writing an Intellectual History of Scientific Development: The Use of Discovery Accounts"

    Social Studies of Science (1976)

    Recently I presented, with others, a general statement of the sequence of social and intellectual processes which characterize the emergence, growth and final decline of specific areas of scientific endeavour. 1 A central concern of my own research has been to exami...

    Methods: Historical research , Writing , Scientific method

  13. “Comparative-Historical Methods: An Introduction”

    Matthew Lange

    Found in: Comparative-Historical Methods


    Comparative-historical methods: An introduction Since the rise of the social sciences, researchers have used comparative-historical methods to expand insight into diverse social phenomena and, in so doing, have made great contributions to our understanding of the so...

    Methods: Units of analysis , Historical research , Quantitative research , Comparative research , Comparison , Concepts & philosophies , Qualitative research , Ideographic

  14. “An Intellectual History and Overview of Comparative-Historical Analysis”

    Matthew Lange

    Found in: Comparative-Historical Methods


    An intellectual history and overview of comparative-historical analysis Comparative-historical methods have been around for a long time. For example, Ibn Khaldun used them in his fourteenth-century history of the world. During the Enlightenment, key figures such as...

    Methods: Theory , Historical research , Comparative research , Comparison , Discipline , Ideographic

  15. “The Within-Case Methods of Comparative-Historical Analysis”

    Matthew Lange

    Found in: Comparative-Historical Methods


    The within-case methods of comparative-historical analysis According to the definition provided in Chapter 1 , comparative-historical analysis has two main methodological components that are evident in the name of the research tradition. This chapter provides an over...

    Methods: Single case , Historical research , Causation , Comparison , Network analysis , Cases , Analysis , Geographic information systems

  16. “The Comparative Methods of Comparative-Historical Analysis”

    Matthew Lange

    Found in: Comparative-Historical Methods


    The comparative methods of comparative-historical analysis According to the renowned comparative historian Marc Bloch (1953), “there is no true understanding without a certain range of comparison” (42). Although Bloch's claims have subsequently been ignored by many of h...

    Methods: Qualitative comparative analysis (QCA) , Variables , Historical research , Quantitative data analysis , Comparative research , Comparison , Narrative research

  17. Comparative analysis

    Robert L. Miller & John D. Brewer

    The A-Z of Social Research (2003)

    The comparative method is one of the oldest in the social sciences. In the eighteenth century, John Hume and Adam Smith both outlined what they called the constant comparative method; nineteenth century sociology was premised on comparisons of social processes across nati...

    Methods: Qualitative comparative analysis (QCA) , Historical research , Comparison , Cases

  18. Little Green Book


    Daniele Caramani

    Found in: Introduction to the Comparative Method with Boolean Algebra


    Reviewing the development of the rend of comparison in the social sciences is important as it stresses the similarities and the common roots of statistical and comparative methods. Reflection on comparison is closely related to its rend in the very logic of scientifi...

    Methods: Historical research , Quantitative data analysis , Comparison

  19. “Meaning and use of the comparative method: research design”, Second Edition

    Paul Pennings, Hans Keman & Jan Kleinnijenhuis

    Found in: Doing Research in Political Science, Second Edition


    There has been continuing debate about what, if and when, why and how to compare (e.g. Lijphart, 1975; Roberts, 1978; Dogan and Pelassy, 1990; Rueschemeyer et al., 1992; Keman, 1993d). Before we go into the comparative method as such in more detail, we shall first focu...

    Methods: Variables , Historical research , Research design , Comparative research , Comparison

  20. “Historical Analysis”


    Found in: Handbook of Data Analysis


    This chapter places the process of data analysis in the broader context of historical inquiry. It examines the relationship between historical occurrences, historical evidence, historical analysis and some key feedback loops between them. It then goes on to conside...

    Methods: Historical research , Comparison

Showing 1-20 of 437 items

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