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  • Karl Marx
Showing 1-20 of 379 items
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  1. Journal Article

    "Contradictions of Feminist Methodology"

    Gender & Society (1991)

    Many feminists have argued that researchers must “give voice” to hitherto silenced women by adopting “the view from below.” Critically reviewing the literature on feminist methodology, the author argues that this perspective, while absolutely essential, is not suf...

    Methods: Feminism , Social interaction , Methodology , Feminist research , Theory , Quantitative research , Concepts & philosophies , Empiricism

  2. Evaluation for the 21st Century: A Handbook

    Evaluation for the 21st Century: A Handbook

    Eleanor Chelimsky & William R. Shadish

    (1997)

    What methodological tools have been most useful in doing evaluation? What are some of the new methodologies that are being used and developed? Will the types of things evaluated expand from programs, personnel, and products to foreign aid, medical technology, environmental intervent...

    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781483348896

    Methods: Measurement , Auditing , Policy evaluation , Evaluation , Performance , Comparison

  3. “Introduction”

    Nick Couldry

    Found in: Inside Culture

    (2000)

    Forty years ago, Raymond Williams (1961: 10) wrote that there was no academic subject which allowed him to ask the questions in which he was interested: questions concerning how culture and society, democracy and the individual voice, interrelate. It is cultural studies, we ...

    Methods: Critique , Marxism , Historical research , Writing , Reflexivity , Analysis , Text , Ideologies , Power , Significance , Epistemology

  4. “The Social Sciences Since World War II: The Rise and Fall of Scientism”

    Peter Manicas

    Found in: The SAGE Handbook of Social Science Methodology

    (2007)

    It is well to keep in mind that the disciplines of the social sciences are not ‘natural kinds’ and that, accordingly, they have a history, intellectual and institutional. While this is not the place to review this aspect, we should note that the disciplinarity divisi...

    Methods: Marxism , Ethnomethodology , Historical research , Theory , Knowledge , Concepts & philosophies , Explanation , Power , Phenomenology

  5. Journal Article

    "Recalling the Letter: The Uses of Oral Testimony in Historical Studies of Literacy"

    Written Communication (2007)

    This article examines the uses of oral testimony in writing about literacy in historical context, especially about the literacy traditions of populations “hidden from history”-immigrants, refugees, and undocumented persons-who are entering U.S. schools and workplaces...

    Methods: Testimony , Historical research , Archival research , Oral history interview , Oral history

  6. Journal Article

    "Writing an Intellectual History of Scientific Development: The Use of Discovery Accounts"

    Social Studies of Science (1976)

    Recently I presented, with others, a general statement of the sequence of social and intellectual processes which characterize the emergence, growth and final decline of specific areas of scientific endeavour. 1 A central concern of my own research has been to exami...

    Methods: Historical research , Writing , Scientific method

  7. Journal Article

    "Comments on Elias's ‘Scenes from the Life of a Knight’"

    Theory, Culture & Society (1987)

    In one of his few published references to the work of Norbert Elias, Anthony Giddens (1984: 129) writes dismissively in The Constitution of Society that: In spite of Elias's claims that sexual activity was ca...

    Methods: Historical research , Context , Art

  8. Journal Article

    "Controlling Error in Multiple Comparisons, with Examples from State-to-State Differences in Educational Achievement"

    Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics (1999)

    Two questions often asked about each of a set of observed comparisons are: (a) should we be confident about the direction or the sign of the corresponding underlying population comparison, and (b) for what interval of values should we be confident that it contains the va...

    Methods: Quantitative data analysis , Comparison , Statistical power , Effect size (ES) , Alpha error / Type i error , Power

  9. Journal Article

    "Surrogate endpoint validation: statistical elegance versus clinical relevance"

    Statistical Methods in Medical Research (2008)

    A variety of approaches have been proposed to provide formal and informal validation of proposed surrogate markers. To achieve true clinical impact, the validation must convince both the statistical and clinical communities. In this paper, we argue that the best approach...

    Methods: Statistical significance , Regression , Comparison , Correlation , Validity

  10. Journal Article

    "Comparing Logit and Probit Coefficients Across Groups"

    Sociological Methods & Research (1999)

    For binary dependent variables, logit (logistic) and probit regression have become standard methods of analysis. As with ordinary linear regression, researchers often estimate separate binary regression models for two or more groups of individuals and then compare coeffi...

    Methods: Regression , Comparison

  11. Journal Article

    "Is Optimal Matching Suboptimal?"

    Sociological Methods & Research (2009)

    In the late 1980s, Andrew Abbott introduced a technique known as optimal matching to the social sciences. Optimal matching (OM) is a method borrowed from biology that can be used to create a measure of similarity (or more often dissimilarity) between pairs of sequence...

    Methods: Comparison , Analysis , Algorithms

  12. Journal Article

    "Proceeding From Observed Correlation to Causal Inference: The Use of Natural Experiments"

    Perspectives on Psychological Science (2007)

    From an early point in their training, all behavioral scientists are taught that statistically significant correlations do not necessarily mean any kind of causative effect. Nevertheless, the literature is full of studies with findings that are exclusively based on c...

    Methods: Inference , Association , Bias , Concepts & philosophies , Causal inference , Correlation , Causal effects , Variables , Contextual effects , Research design , Causation , Comparison , Experiments , Qualitative data analysis

  13. Journal Article

    "The Mode Effect in Mixed-mode Surveys: Mail and Web Surveys"

    Social Science Computer Review (2010)

    Web surveys can suffer from their nonrandom nature (coverage error) and low response rate (nonresponse error). Therefore, web surveys should be supported by mail survey to eliminate these problems. However, using different survey methods together may introduce anothe...

    Methods: Comparison , Experiments , Survey , Survey data analysis , Online survey

  14. Journal Article

    "Conducting Intensive Interviews Using Email: A Serendipitous Comparative Opportunity"

    Qualitative Social Work (2006)

    This article examines the use of computer-mediated recruitment and email intensive interviewing in contrast to more traditional methods of data collection. Email interviewing is compared to telephone and face-to-face interviewing with the same study population utiliz...

    Methods: Methodology , Interviews , Comparison , Experience , Internet research

  15. Little Green Book

    History

    Daniele Caramani

    Found in: Introduction to the Comparative Method with Boolean Algebra

    (2009)

    Reviewing the development of the rend of comparison in the social sciences is important as it stresses the similarities and the common roots of statistical and comparative methods. Reflection on comparison is closely related to its rend in the very logic of scientifi...

    Methods: Historical research , Quantitative data analysis , Comparison

  16. “Historical Analysis”

    DENNIS SMITH

    Found in: Handbook of Data Analysis

    (2004)

    This chapter places the process of data analysis in the broader context of historical inquiry. It examines the relationship between historical occurrences, historical evidence, historical analysis and some key feedback loops between them. It then goes on to conside...

    Methods: Historical research , Comparison

  17. “Meaning and use of the comparative method: research design”, Second Edition

    Paul Pennings, Hans Keman & Jan Kleinnijenhuis

    Found in: Doing Research in Political Science, Second Edition

    (2006)

    There has been continuing debate about what, if and when, why and how to compare (e.g. Lijphart, 1975; Roberts, 1978; Dogan and Pelassy, 1990; Rueschemeyer et al., 1992; Keman, 1993d). Before we go into the comparative method as such in more detail, we shall first focu...

    Methods: Variables , Historical research , Research design , Comparative research , Comparison

  18. Comparative analysis

    Robert L. Miller & John D. Brewer

    The A-Z of Social Research (2003)

    The comparative method is one of the oldest in the social sciences. In the eighteenth century, John Hume and Adam Smith both outlined what they called the constant comparative method; nineteenth century sociology was premised on comparisons of social processes across nati...

    Methods: Qualitative comparative analysis (QCA) , Historical research , Comparison , Cases

  19. British Social Attitudes : The 23rd Report, 2006/2007

    British Social Attitudes : The 23rd Report, 2006/2007

    Alison Park, John Curtice, Katarina Thomson, Miranda Phillips & Mark Johnson

    (2007)

    The British Social Attitudes survey series is carried out by Britain's largest independent social research institute, the National Centre for Social Research. It provides an indispensable guide to current political and social issues in ...

    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781849208680

    Methods: Norms , Historical research , Statistical significance , Survey , Longitudinal study

  20. Narrative Analysis

    Narrative Analysis

    Colette Daiute & Cynthia Lightfoot

    (2004)

    Narrative Analysis: Studying the Development of Individuals in Society aims to help researchers and students identify and evaluate the wealth of rationales, practices, caveats, and values of narrative inquiry for understanding human ...

    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781412985246

    Methods: Historical research , Personal experience , Narrative analysis , Narrative research

Showing 1-20 of 379 items

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