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Univariate statistics

Now we have explored the process of designing quantitative research studies it is time for us to do some data analysis. While it may be tempting to start looking at relationships between variables straight away, it is a good idea to look at our individual variables first. We usually need to know how our respondents have replied to particular questions or how many times a teacher has asked a particular question, for example, before we can go and look at relationships with other variables. We might often just want to know how many boys and girls are in our sample. This kind of descriptive information can give us useful information on our variables and our research questions. Because we are looking at individual variables, this type of analysis is called univariate analysis . As well as providing important information, univariate analysis can help us to look out for mistakes that ...

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