Encyclopedia Entry

Objectives-Based Evaluation

Christina A. Christie & Marvin C. Alkin

Objectives-based evaluation refers to a class of evaluation approaches that centers on the specification of objectives and the measurement of outcomes. Specifically, objectives-based evaluation (sometimes referred to as objectives-oriented or objectivesreferenced evaluation) focuses on generating information for accountability and decision making by developing and measuring the appropriate objectives for these purposes. Ralph Tyler, often noted as the father of educational evaluation, has been credited with being a principal proponent of objectives-based evaluation approaches. Tyler, in his seminal 1942 manuscript General Statement on Evaluation , states that objectivesbased evaluation entails (a) formulating a statement of educational objectives, (b) classifying these objectives into major types, (c) defining and refining each of these types of objectives in terms of behavior, (d) identifying situations in which students can be expected to display these types of behaviors, (e) selecting and trying promising methods for obtaining evidence regarding each type of objective, (f) selecting on the ...

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content on this page. Please, subscribe or login to access all Methods content.

Click here to see full text

Articles in Google Scholar by