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Encyclopedia of Measurement and Statistics

Neil J. Salkind & Kristin Rasmussen

Pub. date: 2007 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781412952644

Print ISBN: 9781412916110 | Online ISBN: 9781412952644

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Encyclopedia Entry

Ethical Issues in Testing

Andrew M. Pomerantz & Bryce F. Sullivan

All professional activities of psychologists, including psychological testing, are governed by ethical standards and principles, such as the ethics code of the American Psychological Association (APA). In this entry, the discussion focuses on the ethical practice of formal testing activities as outlined in the APA ethics code. Before the first test item is administered, the evaluator makes important decisions regarding the specific tests to be employed with a particular client. When evaluators select tests, they are ethically obligated to ensure that the tests fall within their areas of competence. For example, a psychologist trained exclusively to work with children will probably be adequately trained to administer children's IQ tests but may need additional training to reach a level of competence with adult IQ tests. Also, tests should be selected for a particular evaluation only if they are appropriate for the purpose of that evaluation. Similarly, evaluators should select tests that ...

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