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Encyclopedia of Measurement and Statistics

Neil J. Salkind & Kristin Rasmussen

Pub. date: 2007 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781412952644

Print ISBN: 9781412916110 | Online ISBN: 9781412952644

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Encyclopedia Entry

Family Environment Scale

Rudolf H. Moos & Bernice S. Moos

The Family Environment Scale (FES; published by Mind Garden, ) is composed of 10 subscales that measure the actual, preferred, and expected social environments of all types of families. The 10 subscales assess three sets of dimensions: (a) relationship dimensions (cohesion, expressiveness, conflict); (b) personal growth or goal orientation dimensions (independence, achievement orientation, intellectual-cultural orientation, active-recreational orientation, moral-religious emphasis); and (c) system maintenance dimensions (organization, control). The relationship and system maintenance dimensions primarily reflect internal family functioning; the personal growth or goal orientation dimensions primarily reflect the linkages between the family and the larger social context. The FES has ...

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