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Encyclopedia of Measurement and Statistics

Neil J. Salkind & Kristin Rasmussen

Pub. date: 2007 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781412952644

Print ISBN: 9781412916110 | Online ISBN: 9781412952644

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Encyclopedia Entry

Ipsative Measure

Adam W. Meade

Data are ipsative if a given set of responses always sums to the same total. In practice, the term ipsative is used roughly as a synonym for “interdependent” and refers to some type of dependency among the variables measured on a survey, scale, test, or other measure. An example of data that are ipsative can be seen by asking respondents to choose between two items that measure different psychological constructs. For example, a choice between “I am the life of the party” (extraversion) and “I am always prepared” (conscientiousness) will result in ipsative data because a choice of the extraversion item necessitates that the conscientiousness item is not chosen. Many different ...

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