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DEFINING THE CHARACTERISTICS OF BASIC, APPLIED, AND EVALUATION RESEARCH

Researchers interested in behavioral or organizational problems can focus their inquiries in three different directions. These are generally called basic, applied , and evaluation research, although each can be found under other names depending on the context within which they are used. For example, basic research is often called pure or experimental research , and applied research often appears under the terminology of policy research and action research . Finally, evaluation research sometimes is referred to as assessment or appraisal research , and even as social accounting . Although a variety of terms are used to describe each of the three, we will be using basic, applied , and evaluation throughout the Handbook of Research Design and Social Measurement . Table 1.1 illustrates some of the differences between basic, applied, and evaluation research by providing the defining characteristics of each, organized by the following categories: the nature of the problem ...

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