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Analytic Induction

Induction, in contrast to deduction, involves inferring general conclusions from particular instances. Analytic induction is a procedure for analysing data which both requires the analyst to work systematically and aims to ensure that the analyst's theoretical conclusions cover the entire range of the available data. The procedure of analytic induction requires the researcher, once he or she has formed an initial hypothesis, to search his or her data for falsifying evidence and then to modify his or her theoretical conclusions in the light of that evidence. The centrality of searching for falsifying evidence explains why analytic induction has also sometimes been called ‘deviant case analysis’. Since it is a procedural requirement that the end-point of the analysis is only reached when all the data are explicable in terms of the analyst's theoretical conclusions, some researchers may prefer the procedural rigour of analytic induction to its close cousin ‘grounded theory’ . ...

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