What Is Measurement?

This chapter covers the basics of measurement. The chapter aims to provide understanding of measurement and measure development procedures currently discussed in the literature. Measurement error is introduced, and the steps in the measure development process and empirical procedures to assess error are described. The chapter uses many examples based on data to illustrate measurement issues and procedures. Treatment of the material is at an intuitive, nuts-and-bolts level with numerous illustrations. The chapter is not intended to be a statistics primer; rather, it provides sufficient bases from which to seek out more advanced treatment of empirical procedures. It should be noted that many issues are involved in using appropriately the statistical techniques discussed here. The discussion in this chapter aims to provide an introduction to specific statistical techniques, and the references cited here provide direction for in-depth reading. Measurement is essential to empirical research. Typically, a method used to collect ...

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