4 The discourse-historical approach

Ruth Wodak

Defining the approach 63 Theoretical background 63 The notion of ‘discourse’ 65 The history of the discourse-historical approach 67 The research programme 67 Political and discriminatory discourses 70 The analysis of discriminatory discourse: the case-study of the FPÖ petition ‘Austria first’ 1992–3 72 Categories of analysis 72 Arguing for and against discrimination 73 The ‘Austria first’ petition 77 Conclusions and procedures: a summary 93 Further reading 93 Struggles and contradictions characterize our modern world and Western societies. Nowhere is homogeneity to be found. On the contrary, ideological dilemmas (Billig, 1991), fragmentation (Hall, 1996) and multiple identities seem to be the answers to the challenges of globalization and neo-liberalist economies and ideologies (Muntigl et al., 2000). These tendencies are accompanied by a rise in nationalism and xenophobia, particularly from right-wing populist movements. Complex phenomena are seen as needing easy answers. The complexities of modern societies in our fast changing world, where ...

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