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Operations Research Methods

Stuart S. Nagel & Marian Neef

Pub. date: 1976 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781412985352

Print ISBN: 9780803906518 | Online ISBN: 9781412985352

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I. BASIC CONCEPTS AND EXAMPLES

Operations research is the study of the application of mathematical techniques to the choosing among various alternatives that decision or decisions that will maximize some quantitatively measured goal. The purpose of this paper is to discuss the three most commonly used operations research methods as they apply to social science in general and to political science and the legal process in particular. Those three methods are linear programming, inventory modeling, and decision theory, with linear programming being especially central in operations research. Linear programming or linear optimizing can be defined as a geometric or algebraic procedure whereby one finds the optimum allocation of something between two or more alternatives in light of certain goals and in light of given constraints or conditions. The emphasis here is on the notion of optimum allocation or optimum mix. Linear programming can be approached in its simplest form from the perspective of choosing Inventory ...

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