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5 EPOCHE, PHENOMENOLOGICAL REDUCTION, IMAGINATIVE VARIATION, AND SYNTHESIS

Evidence from phenomenological research is derived from first-person reports of life experiences. In accordance with phenomenological principles, scientific investigation is valid when the knowledge sought is arrived at through descriptions that make possible an understanding of the meanings and essences of experience. Husserl (1970b) believed that we must exclude all empirical interpretations and existential affirmations, we must take what is inwardly experienced or otherwise inwardly intuited (e.g., in pure fancy) as pure experiences, as our exemplary basis for acts of Ideation…. We thus achieve insights in pure phenomenology which is here oriented to real (reellen) constituents, whose descriptions are in every way “ideal” and free from … presupposition of real existence. (p. 577) Husserl called the freedom from suppositions the Epoche , a Greek word meaning to stay away from or abstain. Epoche connects me with my Greek roots and contains the voice of my parents, an expression of their ...

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