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Little Green Book

MATCHING RESEARCH DESIGNS AND STATISTICAL TESTS

In this section we consider the research designs and measures described in Section 2 and illustrate, in diverse examples, the application of the appropriate statistical tests from Section 3. The goal is to provide easy to remember prototypes of application of each statistical test which can be related to new examples that arise in various research settings. We start by describing the role played by the response measure (dependent variable) in determining which statistical analyses are appropriate. The nature of the response measures is an important component of the research design used to select appropriate statistical tests. For example, in a study using the experimental method, if a categorical response measure is used (e.g., whether or not the subject completes the experimental task in the time allotted or whether or not a subject takes the side advocated by a particular persuasive message), then the χ 2 test will be t ...

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