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Dictionary

MIXED METHODS RESEARCH

Claire Hewson

The combined use of both quantitative and qualitative methodologies within the same study in order to address a single research question. Mixed-methods research draws upon both quantitative and qualitative methodological approaches to answer a particular research question. For example, a researcher may start by conducting semi-structured interviews and then use the results from this phase to formulate specific closed-ended survey questions. This is an illustration of what has been termed sequential mixed-methods research (Cresswell, 2003), whereby qualitative data collection and analysis is undertaken first, followed by quantitative data collection and analysis (or vice versa). Alternative strategies within mixed-methods research have been identified. Cresswell (2003) refers to concurrent and transformational strategies. Concurrent techniques involve data collection using both quantitative and qualitative approaches simultaneously, for example, administering a questionnaire which contains both closed-ended and open-ended questions. Transformational techniques make use of an overriding theoretical perspective (for example, participatory research) to guide the ...

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