Share Share
Text size Increase font size Decrease font size
Share Share
Text size Increase font size Decrease font size

Dictionary

RETROSPECTIVE STUDY

David de Vaus

A study that involves collecting data about past events. This design is mainly employed to measure and understand change and to include a time dimension to the data that can be used to identify causal factors contributing to any observed change. The capacity of a retrospective study to adequately detect change and ascertain causes depends on how well the investigator can reconstruct the past from the vantage point of the present. The main purpose for collecting retrospective data is that such data provide a means of measuring change for either descriptive or explanatory purposes. Retrospective studies rely on recalling information about the past but vary in the extent to which they rely on such recall. An oral history, for example, is totally reliant on people recalling the past. Other retrospective studies involve collecting information about the past and comparing that with contemporary information collected from the same cases. An example ...

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content on this page. Please, subscribe or login to access all Methods content.

Click here to see full text

Articles in Google Scholar by